Trường THPT chuyên Lê Quý Đôn tỉnh Ninh Thuận năm 2023 (lần 1)

Thời gian: 60 phút | Câu hỏi: 50

Dưới đây là Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT Quốc Gia môn tiếng Anh trường THPT chuyên Lê Quý Đôn tỉnh Ninh Thuận năm 2023 (lần 1) kèm đáp án chi tiết gúp bạn ôn thi đại học môn tiếng anh trong giai đoạn nước rút . Bài thi gồm 50 câu làm trong vòng 60 phút .

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 7.

"Parents today want their kids to spend time on things that can bring them success, but (3)________ we've stopped doing one thing that's actually been a proven predictor of success and that's household chores," says Richard Rende, a developmental psychologist in Paradise Valley, Ariz, (4)_________ co-author of the forthcoming book "Raising Can-Do Kids." Decades of studies show the benefits of chores - academically, emotionally, and even professionally. Giving children household chores at an early age helps to build (5)________ lasting sense of mastery, responsibility and self-reliance, according to a research by Marty Rossmann, professor emeritus at the University of Minnesota. In 2002, Dr. Rossmann analyzed data from a longitudinal study(6)_________ followed 84 children across four periods in their lives - in preschool, around ages 10 and 15, and in their mid-20s. She found that young adults who began chores at ages 3 and 4 were more likely to have good relationships with family and friends, to achieve academic and early career success and to be self-sufficient, as (7)________ with those who didn't have chores or who started them as teens. Chores also teach children how to be empathetic and responsive to others' needs,notes psychologist Richard Weissbourd of the Harvard Graduate School of Education.

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 11 to 15.

Maria Alcalá of Madrid speaks for many Mediterranean people when she says that “a meal without olive oil would be a bore.” No one knows when the Mediterranean civilizations initially fell in love with olives. That occurred before recorded history. However, there is evidence that the cultivation of olive treesbegan in countries around the Mediterranean Sea in approximately 4000 B.C., and 2,000 years after that people in the eastern Mediterranean region began to produce oil from olives. The Mediterranean still accounts for 99 percent of all world olive oil production.

From ancient times until today, the basic process of producing the oil is the same. First, whole olives are crushed. Then, the liquid is separated from the solids. After that, the valuable oil is separated from the water. Many olive growers maintain their ancient traditions and still harvest the olives by hand. “We harvest in the traditional way,” says Don Celso, an olive farmer from Tuscany, Italy. "It would be less expensive to do it with machines, but it's more a social thing. Twenty people come to help with the harvest, and we pay them in oil."

Olive oil has had a variety of uses through its long history. In ancient times, olive oil was used as money and as medicine. It was even used during war-heated up and dropped down on attackers. It is still used in religious ceremonies. It is great for protecting the freshness of fish and cheese. There are even olive oil lamps and olive oil soaps. Olive oil enhances the lives of people everywhere. Its benefits, recently confirmed by science, were already understood in ancient times. Mediterranean people are happy to share their secret with the world.

Câu 11: Which could be the best title for the passage?

Câu 15: Which of the following is true, according to the passage?

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of stress in each of the following questions.

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Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 24 to 30.

In most discussions of cultural diversity, attention has focused on visible, explicit aspects of culture, such as language, dress, food, religion, music, and social rituals. Although they are important, these visible expressions of culture, which are taught deliberately and learned consciously, are only the tip of the iceberg or culture. Much of culture is taught and learned implicitly, or outside awareness. Thus, neither cultural insiders nor cultural outsiders are aware that certain "invisible" aspects of their culture exist.

Invisible elements of culture are important to us. For example, how long we can be late before being impolite, what topics we should avoid in a conversation, how we show interest or attention through listening behavior, what we consider beautiful or ugly. These are all aspects of culture that we learn and use without being aware of it. When we meet other people whose invisible cultural assumptions differ from those we have learned implicitly, we usually do not recognize their behavior as cultural in origin.

Differences in invisible culture can cause problems in cross-cultural relations. Conflicts may arise when we are unable to recognize others’ behavioral differences as cultural rather than personal. We tend to misinterpret other people's behavior, blame them, or judge their intentions or competence without realizing that we are experiencing cultural rather than individual differences.

Formal organizations and institutions, such as schools, hospitals, workplaces, governments, and the legal system are collection sites for invisible cultural differences. If the differences were more visible, we might have less misunderstanding. For example, if we met a man in a courthouse who was wearing exotic clothes, speaking a language other than ours, and carrying food that looked strange, we would not assume that we understood his thoughts and feelings or that he understood ours. Yet when such a man is dressed similarly to us, speaks our language, and does not differ from us in other obvious ways, we may fail to recognize the invisible cultural differences between us. As a result, mutual misunderstanding may arise.

Câu 25: The phrase “the tip of the iceberg” in paragraph 1 means that______ .

Câu 26: Which of the following was NOT mentioned as an example of invisible culture?

Câu 27: It can be inferred from paragraph 3 that conflict results when______ .

Câu 28: The author implies that institutions such as school and workplaces_______

Câu 29: Which of the following would most likely result in misunderstanding?

Câu 30: What is the main purpose of the passage?

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Câu 32: The more time you spend on social media,________ you feel.

Câu 38: My mother told me to carry a very_________ suitcase for my first field trip.

Câu 40: By the time he finishes his speech, I ______ for over one hour.

Câu 41: His welcoming speech wasn't good, _______?

Câu 45: His devoted fans follow him______.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Câu 46: I haven't heard from Susan for several months.

Câu 47: "Would you like to go to the cinema with me?" Jane said to Mary.

Câu 48: It was careless of you to leave the windows open last night.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 49: Plagiarism is bad. Some students are still willing to do so.

Câu 50: The virus is so infectious. This country can’t bring it under control.