Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT môn Tiếng Anh tỉnh Thanh Hóa năm 2023

Thời gian: 60 phút


Lượt thi: 1142


Câu hỏi: 50

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The garden city was largely the invention of the British social visionary Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928). After emigrating from England to the USA, and an unsuccessful attempt to make a living as a farmer, he moved to Chicago, where he saw the reconstruction of the city after the disastrous fire of 1871. In those preskyscraper days, it was nicknamed "the Garden City", almost certainly the source of Howard's name for his proposed towns. Returning to London, Howard developed his concept in the 1880s and 1890s, drawing on ideas that were circulating at the time, but creating a unique combination of proposals.
The nineteenth-century slum city was in many ways a horrific-place; but it offered economic and social opportunities, lights and crowds. At the same time, the British countryside - now too often seen in a sentimental glow - was in fact equally unprepossessing: though it promised fresh air and nature, it suffered from agricultural depression and it offered neither enough work and wages, nor adequate social life. Howard's idea was to combine the best of town and country in a new kind of settlement, the garden city. Howard's idea was that a group of people should establish a company, borrowing money to establish a garden city in the countryside, far enough from existing cities to ensure that the land was bought at the bottom price. They should get agreement from leading industrialists to move their factories there from the congested cities; their workers would move too, and would build their own houses.
Garden cities would follow the same basic blueprint, with a high proportion of green spaces, together with a central public open space, radial avenues, and peripheral industries. They would be surrounded by a much larger area of permanent green belt, also owned by the company, containing not merely farms, but institutions like reformatories and convalescent homes, that could benefit from a rural location. As more and more people moved out, the garden city would reach its planned limit – Howard suggested 32,000 people; then, another would be started a short distance away. Thus, over time, there would develop a vast planned house collection, extending almost without limit; within it, each garden city would offer a wide range of jobs and services, but each would also be connected to the others by a rapid transportation system, thus giving all the economic and social opportunities of a big city.

Question 1: The phrase "drawing on" in paragraph 1 mostly means_______.

Question 3: The word "They" in paragraph 3 refers to_______.

Question 4: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

Question 5: Which best serves as the title for the passage?

Question 6: According to paragraph 3, garden cities were planned________.

Question 7: What can be inferred about garden cities from the last paragraph?

Mark the letter A, B, C, on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Sylvia Earle is an underwater explorer and marine biologist who was born in the USA in 1935. She became interested in the world's oceans from an early age. As a child, she liked to stand on the beach for hours and look at the sea, wondering what it must be like under the surface. When she was 16, she finally got a chance to make her first dive. It was this dive that inspired her to become an underwater explorer. Since then, she has spent more than 6,500 hours under water, and has led more than seventy expeditions worldwide. She has also made the deepest dive ever, reaching a record-breaking depth of 381 meters.
In 1970, she became famous around the world when she became the captain of the first all-female team to live under water. The team spent two weeks in an underwater "house". The research they carried out showed the damage that pollution was causing to marine life, and especially to coral reefs. Since then she has written several books and magazine articles in which she suggests ways of reducing the damage that is being done to the world's oceans. One way, she believes, is to rely on fish farms for seafood, and reduce the amount of fishing that is done out at sea.
(Adapted from Workbook Complete IELTS by Rawdon Wyatt)

Question 10: The word "they" in paragraph 2 refers to______.

Question 11: Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?

Question 12: Which best serves as the title for the passage?

Question 13: According to paragraph 1, Sylvia Earle_______.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 17: We arranged to meet at 7.30, but she didn't______.

Question 19: Many ethnic groups find it difficult to_________ their culture.

Question 20: The letter_________ me of the theft hadn't been signed.

Question 22: I love the________ car that is always parked at the end of the street.

Question 28: The more I concentrate,________ my answers are.

Question 29: John will look for a job_______.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following.

Question 30:

Question 31:

Mark the letter A, B B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 32: She read all the instructions of the exam. She started to do it.

Question 33: They are too busy with their work. They really want to go for a picnic.