Đề minh họa số 31

Thời gian: 60 phút | Câu hỏi: 50

Dưới đây là Đề minh họa số 13 luyện thi tốt nghiệp THPT Quốc Gia môn tiếng Anh giúp bạn ôn luyện hiệu quả. Bài thi gồm 50 câu trắc nghiệm, thời gian làm bài là 60 phút.

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word those underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Câu 1:

Câu 2:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word which differs from the other three in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Câu 3:

Câu 4:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Câu 5: She died of liver cancer on _________ Tuesday after _________18-month battle against it.

Câu 11: If the plane tickets _____________ a little cheaper, my parents ____________ coming to visit me last month.

Câu 12: Her story ____________ really moved me a lot.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Câu 21: We had a quarrel about money, but we decided to clear the air by sitting together and discussing things frankly.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Câu 25: Maria is thanking Daniel for giving her a lift home. Maria: “Thanks for taking me to my house.” Daniel: “You’re welcome. ________________ now that I have a car.”

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs to correction on each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions.

Câu 29: My girlfriend said to me “I was waiting for the bus at 8 o’clock yesterday”.

Câu 30: Since my father is not home yet, I’m pretty sure that he is on his way.

Câu 31: Her essay is more terrific than my essay.

Mark the letter A, B, C, on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 32: My father has many new clothes. However, he always wears his old coat.

Câu 33: My team lacked consistency in the competition. We lost all matches with an unacceptable result.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 34 to 38.

How can solar cells become (34)__________ enough to be commercially viable?

There are, of course, a huge range of ongoing efforts to address this problem. Among the most recent approaches to this problem comes from a team of physicists and engineers at MIT (35)_____ is using computer modeling and advanced chip-manufacturing techniques.

In December of 2008, researchers from the Research Laboratory of Electronics, and the departments of materials science and engineering and physics applied an antireflection coating to the front of ultrathin silicon films, plus a novel combination of multi-layered reflective coatings and a tightly spaced array of lines to the backs of the films. The result is photovoltaic cells with as much as 50 (36)______ more electrical output.

The carefully designed layers deposited on the back of the cell cause light to (37) _________ around longer inside the silicon layer, giving it more time to deposit its energy and produce an electric current.

The work has attracted interest from industry for (38) _______ ranging from generating remote off-grid electricity to dedicated clean power.

(Source: https://engineering.mit.edu/)

Câu 34:

Câu 35:

Câu 36:

Câu 37:

Câu 38:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 39 to 43.

Contrary to the perception that small talk is inconsequential, researchers have found that chit-chat actually has many profound benefits. “As we broke down daily interaction, we realized our most meaningful interactions are not when we’re talking about actual work. It’s when we’re greeting administrative staff, or the friendly gabbing before a meeting,” said Jessica R. Methot of Rutgers University and University of Exeter.

To measure the impact of small talk on employee well-being, the researchers surveyed 151 full-time employees working at traditional 9 to 5 jobs outside the home. After controlling for participants’ baseline engagement for small talk, the researchers queried about levels of small talk throughout the day, and asked respondents to rate their emotions, work productivity, and overall engagement.

“It didn’t matter if you were an introvert whose average amount of small talk was lower than what it is for an extrovert, small talk enhanced employees’ daily positive social emotions and contributed to employees feeling connected,” Methot said. Methot was quick to explain what small talk is not. It is not long-winded ranting about an ineffective supervisor. It is not a sensitive discussion about someone’s personal life. “It is surface level. It is ‘Weather looks great this weekend, any plans?’ Surface level is what gives it its benefits.”

Because small talk builds trust and connections, it also can lead to creative ideas and foster inclusiveness. “Culturally, there are differences in the content and cadence of small talk, which can create a barrier for new employees to engage with colleagues. In this age of greater awareness about diversity and inclusion, small talk can be an asset to a company. It can be a road to more inclusion by helping socialize and embed employees into the organizational culture.” Methot said.

(Source: https://journals.aom.org/)

Câu 39: Which could be the best title of the passage?

Câu 40: The word “inconsequential” in paragraph 1 mostly means _______.

Câu 41: Which benefit of small talk in the workplace is NOT mentioned in the passage?

Câu 42: Which of the following sentences is NOT an example of small talk?

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50.

In a paper published in Science Advances, an international team of researchers have examined traits of marine megafauna species to better understand the potential ecological consequences of their extinction under different future scenarios.

Defined as the largest animals in the oceans, with a body mass that exceeds 45kg, examples include sharks, whales, seals and sea turtles. These species serve key roles in ecosystems, including the consumption of large amounts of biomass, transporting nutrients across habitats, connecting ocean ecosystems, and physically modifying habitats. Traits, such as how large they are, what they eat, and how far they move, determine species’ ecological functions. As a result, measuring the diversity of traits allows scientists to quantify the contributions of marine megafauna to ecosystems and assess the potential consequences of their extinction.

The team of researchers – led by Swansea University’s Dr Catalina Pimiento – first compiled a species-level trait dataset for all known marine megafauna to understand the extent of ecological functions they perform in marine systems. Then, after simulating future extinction scenarios and quantifying the potential impact of species loss on functional diversity, they introduced a new index (FUSE) to inform conservation priorities.

The results showed a diverse range of functional traits held by marine megafauna, as well as how the current extinction crisis might affect their functional diversity. If current trajectories are maintained, in the next 100 years we could lose, on average, 18% of marine megafauna species, which will translate in the loss of 11% of the extent of ecological functions. Nevertheless, if all currently threatened species were to go extinct, we could lose 40% of species and 48% of the extent of ecological functions. Sharks are predicted to be the most affected, with losses of functional richness far beyond those expected under random extinctions.

(Adapted from https://www.sciencedaily.com/)

Câu 44: Which of the following best serve as the title of the passage?

Câu 45: According to paragraph 2, the following are the main roles of the largest animals in the oceans, EXCEPT _______________.

Câu 47: The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to _____________.

Câu 50: As mentioned in the passage, which of the following is TRUE?