Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2023 - đề số 12

Thời gian: 60 phút | Câu hỏi: 50

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Câu 1:

Câu 2:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Câu 3:

Câu 4:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in the each of following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Câu 20: – “How wide is this street? – “______”

Câu 21: – “______ detective stories?”– “In my opinion, they‟re good for teenagers.”

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Câu 23: These small companies now have their own discrete identity.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Câu 26: No matter how hard Fred tried to start the car ,he didn‟t succeed.

Câu 27: You‟re the worst guitarist in the world.

Câu 28: It was a waste of time writing a letter.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Câu 29: We got stuck in weekend crowds today. We will shop late on weekdays next time.

Câu 30: Milk must be moved rapidly from the farm to the consumer. Milk will spoil if it is not kept cold.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.

______(31) is the safeguarding and preservation of natural ______(32), so that they can continue to be used and enjoyed. In the past, most people believed that the world‟s resources could never be ______(33). Today, we know that this is not true. An important part of conservation is the ______(34) of waste - waste of forests, soil, minerals, wild-life, and human lives. As important is the fight against pollution of our environment, in particular, the dirtying and poisoning of air and water. Conservation is also concerned ______(35) the reclaiming of land by irrigating deserts, draining swamps, or pushing back the sea.

Câu 31:

Câu 32:

Câu 33:

Câu 34:

Câu 35:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

According to the controversial sunspot theory, great storms on the surface of the sun hurl streams of solar particles into the atmosphere, causing a shift in the weather on earth.

A typical sunspot consists of a dark central umbra surrounded by a lighter penumbra of light and dark threads extending out from the center like the spokes of a wheel. Actually, the sunspots are cooler than the rest of the photosphere, which may account for their color. Typically, the temperature in a sunspot umbra is about 4000 K, whereas the temperature in a penumbra registers 5500 K, and the granules outside the spot are 6000 K.

Sunspots range in size from tiny granules to complex structures with areas stretching for billions of square miles. About 5% of the spots are large enough so that they can be seen without instruments; consequently, observations of sunspots have been recorded for several thousand years.

Sunspots have been observed in arrangements of one to more than one hundred spots, but they tend to occur in pairs. There is also a marked tendency for the two spots of a pair to have opposite magnetic polarities. Furthermore, the strength of the magnetic field associated with any given sunspot is closely related to the spot's size.

Although there is no theory that completely explains the nature and function of sunspots, several models attempt to relate the phenomenon to magnetic fields along the lines of longitude from the north and south poles of the sun.

Câu 36: What is the author's main purpose in the passage?

Câu 37: The word “controversial” in line 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

Câu 38: Solar particles are hurled into space by ______.

Câu 39: The word “particles” in line 2 refers to ______.

Câu 40: The sunspot theory is _____.

Câu 41: The word “consequently” in line 10 could best be replaced by _____.

Câu 42: In which configuration do spots usually occur?

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.

Fifty-five delegates representing all thirteen states except Rhode Island attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia from May to September 1787. The delegates had been instructed by the Continental Congress to revise the old Articles of Confederation, but most believed that a stronger central government was needed. There were differences, however, about what structure the government should take and how much influence large states should have.

Virginia was by far the most populous state, with twice as many as people as New York, four times as many as New Jersey, and ten times as many as Delaware. The leader of the Virginia delegation, James Madison, had already drawn up a plan for government, which became known as the Large State Plan. Its essence was that congressional representation would be based on population. It provided for two or more national executives. The smaller states feared that under this plan, a few large states would lord over the rest. New Jersey countered with the Small State Plan. It provided for equal representation for all states in a national legislature and for a single national executive. Angry debate, heightened by a stifling heat wave, led to deadlock.

A cooling of tempers seemed to come with lower temperatures. The delegates hammered out an agreement known as the Great Compromise – actually a bundle of shrewd compromises. They decided that Congress would consist of two houses. The larger states were granted representation based on population in the lower house, the House of Representatives. The smaller states were given equal representation in the upper house, the Senate, in which each state would have two senators regardless of population. It was also agreed that there would be a single executive, the president. This critical compromise broke the logjam, and from then on, success seemed within reach.

Câu 43: What is the main topic of this passage?

Câu 44: It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

Câu 45: It can be inferred from the passage that the Articles of Confederation ______.

Câu 47: In line 10, the phrase “this plan” (paragraph 2) refers to ______.

Câu 48: According to the passage, the weather had what effect on the Constitutional Convention?

Câu 49: Which of the following is NOT given in the passage as one of the provisions of the Great Compromise?

Câu 50: The author uses the phrase broke the logjam (paragraph 3) to indicate that ______.