Present Simple 

(Hiện tại đơn)


S +V(s / es)

Ví dụ: People speak English here.

-> S + am / is / are + p.p

Ví dụ: English is spoken here.

Present Continuous

(Hiện tại tiếp diễn)

S + am / is / are + V-ing

Ví dụ: They are painting the house.

-> S + am / is / are + being + p.p

Ví dụ: The house is being painted.

Present Perfect

(Hiện tại hoàn thành)

S + have / has + p.p

Ví dụ: He hasn’t worn jackets for ages

-> S + have / has + been + p.p

Ví dụ: Jackets haven’t been worn for ages

Past Simple

(Quá khứ đơn)

S + V2 / Ved

Ví dụ: My mother wrote this letter.

-> S + was / were + p.p

Ví dụ: This letter was written by my mother.

Past Continuous

(Quá khứ tiếp diễn)

S + was / were + V-ing

Ví dụ: She was doing the homework at that time yesterday.

-> S + was / were + being + p.p

Ví dụ: Her homework was being done at that time yesterday.

Past Perfect

(Quá khứ hoàn thành)

S + had + p.p

Ví dụ: They had destroyed all the documents when they arrived.

-> S + had been + p.p

Ví dụ: All the documents had been destroyed when they arrived.

Future Simple

(Tương lai đơn

S + will / shall + V(b.f)­

Ví dụ: I will tell you when the time comes.

-> S + will / shall + be + p.p

Ví dụ: You will be told when the time comes.

Future Continuous

(Tương lai tiếp diễn)

S + will / shall + be + V-ing

Ví dụ: We will be holding tasks at this time next year.

-> S + will / shall + be + being + p.p

Ví dụ: Talks will be being held at this time next year.

Future Perfect

(Tương lai hoàn thành)


S + will / shall + have + p.p

Ví dụ: You will have finished this report before Tuesday.

-> S + will / shall + have been + p.p

Ví dụ: This report will have been finished by Tuesday.